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Clin. Cardiol. 23, 837–841 (2000)

Isosorbide Dinitrate Inhibits Platelet Adhesion and Aggregation in Nonthrombolyzed Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction

Jadwiga Gebalska, M.D., Ph.D., Robert Wolk, M.D., Ph.D., Leszek Ceremuzynski, M.D., Ph.D.

Department of Cardiology, Postgraduate Medical School, Grochowski Hospital, Warsaw, Poland

Summary

Background: Apart from their vasodilatatory properties, nitrates have been shown to inhibit platelet aggregation. The effects of nitrates on platelet adhesion have not been studied. Nonselected patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been suggested to gain no benefit from administration of nitrates. However, the importance of nitrates may be greater in a subgroup of nonthrombolyzed patients with AMI.

Hypothesis: Isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) decreases platelet adhesion and aggregation in nonthrombolyzed patients with AMI.

Methods: Consecutive 48 men with AMI, not eligible for thrombolytic therapy because of late presentation (>12 h), were prospectively randomized 2:1 to double-blind ISDN (mean dose 2.4 ± 0.9 mg/h) (n = 33) or placebo (0.9% sodium chloride) (n = 15) infusion. All patients received aspirin. Blood samples were taken at baseline (no study medication) and 3 h into ISDN or placebo infusion. Platelet adhesion to collagen was measured in the ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA)-platelet rich plasma by recording changes in light transmission with an optical aggregometer. Platelet aggregation was measured using the Born's method.

Results: Isosorbide dinitrate significantly decreased both platelet adhesion and aggregation. No effect was seen in the placebo group.

Conclusions: In patients with AMI who do not receive thrombolytic therapy, ISDN effectively inhibits platelet adhesion and aggregation. These effects of nitrates may be of therapeutic and prognostic significance in this group of patients.

Key words: isosorbide dinitrate, myocardial infarction, platelets, adhesion, aggregation

Address for reprints:
Dr. Jadwiga Gebalska
Department of Cardiology
Postgraduate Medical School
Grochowski Hospital
Grenadierów Str. 51/59
04-073 Warsaw, Poland

Received: November 30, 1999
Accepted with revision: February 22, 2000


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